Tooth decay (caries) and gum disease (periodontitis) are the two main dental diseases.

Prior to beginning any aesthetic/advanced dentistry it is critical that the foundations are perfect and these issues if present are treated.

Dental caries is caused by a breakdown of the tooth enamel. This breakdown is the result of bacteria on teeth that breakdown foods (especially sugar) and produces acid that destroys tooth enamel and results in tooth decay. Decay needs to be removed as early as possible and the tooth is restored often with tooth coloured composite material.

Decay if left unchecked can destroy the tooth and damage the nerve in it eventually leading to pain and nerve death and the need for root canal treatment (removal of the nerve followed by disinfection and filling of the nerve chamber within the root.

Gum disease is caused by bacteria collecting around the gum margin and gradually attacking the support for the support. It is characterised by bleeding, receding gums and a loss of the support around the teeth. If left untreated teeth can become loose and be lost. Good oral hygiene, not smoking and regular visits to a dental hygienist can help prevent this.

A healthy diet with reduced consumption of sugar, not smoking and brushing twice a day ideally with a rotating oscillating electric tooth brush can help reduce the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

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